Kincir Bertingkat pada Pembangkit Listrik Mikrohidro

Janu Prasetyo, Sunardi Sunardi

Abstract

Electricity is one of the basic needs of the community. The ability of PLN to provide electricity to the Indonesian people is still an obstacle and a challenge. On the other hand Indonesia has so much potential for water that has not been utilized optimally, which is around 75,000 MW and which is currently utilized only at 10.1% or 7,572 MW. Micro hydro power (MHP) with each 5 MW MHP in 2014. This study aims to utilize the remaining water flow from the existing mill for the installation of the second wheel to obtain maximum power. Experiments were carried out using equipment such as embedded iron fast pipes, waterwheel 1 and 2, pulleys, and generators. Installation on the end of the pipe against pin 1 uses the over-flow method to obtain optimal power. The average rotation speed of the generator for mill 1 is around 1500rpm and for the mill 2 around 1000rpm. The final result of this study, for generator 1 on wheel 1 can run smoothly and produce the appropriate output voltage of 220V, for generator 2 the generator 2 the output generator cannot be optimized because the generator component we use requires a minimum of 1500rpm to run it.

Keywords

generator, MHP, over flow, waterwheel.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Hernawan, A.N (2016). Perancangandan Pembangunan PembangkitListrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro. Yogyakarta: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Abhijit Date, Ashwin Date, Aliakbar Akbarzadeh, Performance Investigation of a Simple Reaction Water Turbine for Power Generation from Low Head Micro Hydro Resources, Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 2012, 3, 239-245

Puskom KESDM. (2014, 2 Juli). KebijakanPengembangan Tenaga Air. Diperoleh 19 Mei 2018. Dari http://ebtke.esdm.go.id/post/2014/07/02/628/

S. Warsito, Abdul Syukur. Agus Adhi. (2005). Studi Awal Perencanaan Sistem Mekanikal dan Kelistrikan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga MikroHidro. Seminar Teknik Ketenaga Listrikan. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro

Ifhan Firmansyah, dkk. Studi Pembangunan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro (PLTMH) Dompyong 50 kW di Desa Dompyong Bendungan Trenggalek Untuk Mewujudkan Desa Mandiri Energi (DME). Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November

Alonso. Finn. (1980). Fundamental university physics. Filipina: Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

Fillino Harahap. Henry C. Perkins. William C. Reynolds. (1991). Termodinamika Teknik. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Rizal Firmansyah, dkk. (2014). Perancangan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikrohidro Gunung Sawur Unit 3 Lumajang. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya

Yogi SuryoSetyoPutro, dkk. (2016). Studi Perencanaan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro (PLTMH) di Sungai Atei Desa Tumbang Atei Kecamatan Senamang Mantikai Kabupaten Katingan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.

Article Metrics

Abstract view: 136 times
Download     : 193   times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.